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Future Job: Freelance Biohackers

Freelance Biohackers is going to be at the leading edge of tomorrow’s most thrilling bioscience projects, playing a key part in tasks ranging from the hunt for the next model of antibiotics to the development of genetically altered wildlife.

According to Hank Greely, director of Stanford University’s Center for Law and the Biosciences, the fundamental methods for targeted gene manipulation are receiving easier and much more available to nearly any person. He further emphasized that It is not tough to picture a world where simple eye problems to liver problems to muscular dystrophy can easily be fixed with specific genetic tweaks. He is ready to bet that within twenty years, a little biohacker will develop a unicorn. This biohacker will take genetics from an animal that grows horns, place it right into a horse along with a billionaire’s 12-year-old child can get a unicorn for her birthday.

Working from home, or even from the increasing number of freelance work hubs, freelance biohackers works on open source software program platforms with hundreds, possibly thousands, of others in hives like teams.

Major drug and university research departments and bioscience companies are going to use them to piece together complicated DNA based answers to several of the fundamental questions of the following diseases emerging in ten years, from remedies for cancers in ageing populations to vaccines for brand new epidemics fuelled by our globalised way of life and accelerating climate change.

As Hank Campbell of the American Council on Health and Science says, ‘These freelancers and mavericks are definitely the future of applied biology because big drug companies usually will not deal with difficulties they worry will not produce a big enough profit.’

Dr Darren Nesbeth, an artificial biologist at UCL, predicts that biohackers will boost major medical breakthroughs because, unlike experts in academic institutes, they can spend their precious time brainstorming and indulging in creative, blue sky thinking rather compared to teaching and publishing papers.

Creating mythical creatures for billionaire patrons might be one method for biohackers that seek to create a living from home with a laptop computer along with a state-of-the-art software process, nevertheless DNA manipulation abilities is put to more noble uses too.

Feng Zhang, co creator of gene editing innovator CRISPR, believes that biohackers will make it possible to save – or even take back from extinction – species of domestic and wild animals as a growing global human population places strain on biodiversity through habitat damage.

An understanding of medical and scientific methodology, combined with education in advanced data analytics, will be core abilities for students who dream of a profession as being a biohacker within the decade ahead.

The capacity to function naturally, non competitively and also collaboratively with huge virtual teams that you won’t ever meet in person is a crucial individual characteristic too, alongside persistence, a watch for detail along with a skill to make user-friendly, leaps of the creativity.

But in a niche which is apt to stay lightly regulated to inspire unusual approaches and innovative thinking, folks from outside conventional science and medical disciplines have the flexibility to play a top freelance part in significant projects.

Todd Kuiken, an environmentally friendly scientist, claims that leading bio scientists increasingly feel they do not need a PhD being a scientist. He claims that any strong, scientifically inclined mind is able to help the body of science. The greater minds that are devoted to solving the world’s medical problems, the more rapidly the human race will be able to solve them.

Kuiken is sure that the increasing citizen biohacking group is going to set a codes of conduct to deal with anxieties about the values as well as morality of the work of theirs.

‘Professional scientists tend to just consider the ethical implications of the work of theirs after their investigation has been finished,’ he states.

‘The bio community began organizing safety and ethical principles since it’s obviously collaborative and in continual discussion about what it is engaging in, and also why.’

Lots of people now working in the first versions of the biohacking area think that future biohackers will store perfect hope of game shifting science and technology breakthroughs since they’re not tied down with the bureaucracy of mainstream analysis.

Founder, biohacker, scientist, and Josiah Zayner of biotech business The Odin, claims, that the academic and corporate researchers have to fill up in a million forms, squandering a ton of time and money in the process. This can hold back major investigation, as well as folks are dying and suffering due to all these rules as well as committees. In the future, folks like Zayner intend to say:’ We’re gonna do it anyway and begin curing folks since we understand we can.’

He boldly states that these folks will radically change the world if they get access to the above mentioned programs and technology.

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Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Martin_Hahn/22709

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9891691

What Would Be the Best “Hello World” for Biosciences?

The first step that a beginner hacker or programmer takes towards a technical and logical deepening is to program the famous Hello World. It is a kind of computer pattern, so, the first step for future algorithms. And there is no computer programmer or hacker in the world who has not already created a Hello World, even just to test a new compiler or a new programming language. However, if there is this pattern, or rather, this START for hackers and computer programmers, then what would be the best model pattern or start for biohackers? Some method for beginners to have as a model in the field of biosciences.

Biosciences are not something popular yet, and there is a great barrier for ordinary people to work on issues like genetics. It seems absurd to think that common people could work with genetics, even as Hobby, as well as work with other classical sciences. The same was true about computing in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, but with the advancement of the microtechnology industry, especially microelectronics, devices such as hardware have had a reduction in world prices and scales. With this advancement in popularization and access to materials, we all know how the advance in computing took place, forming a breeding ground for hackers. What is questioned now is the possibility of this same fact with biosciences. A popularization and access to materials, devices and knowledge to further strengthen the incipient hacker movement. There are cheap KITs and materials for biohackers, it’s are already being made available, although considered amateur by some specialists, but, which hacker did not begin as an amateur, and in a short time, it flouted the highest technologies. We cannot deny that it is already a beginning, and there is a huge field to be improved. However, the focus of this article is on the search for a method, not the materials now. In the case, the method for biohackers is connected in a Hello World for the biosciences, for a model or a START to the new biohackers. Something so simple, but that carries the maximum of concept. A method to become standard for biohackers, just like there is Hello World. This method is what we are looking for right now! Recalling, the concept of method is an organized set of procedure, technique, or means of doing something methodically and patronized according to a highly organized, logical, and systematic plan or process of research, instruction, investigation and presentation.

As important now as the growth of the biohacker movement is the pursuit of this standard, this method. Something like performing a PCR polymerase chain reaction, or even extracting DNA from cells, and even more sophisticated devices like the connection or interfaces between biological platform and computing. In relation to hackers these are self-taught, and referring to the concepts to work with biosciences there are no excuses. Because we have never had so much knowledge on an open and organized platform as today, one example is the Microsoft ™ Khan Academy ™ platform. In addition to so many other examples. In short words, anyone today can become a hacker, as well as, become a biohacker with a basic method. A method for biohacking – An agile method, a step by step, with the basic introduction, as the famous Hello World in programming, in which it will result in a revolution HYPE for biosciences. What would be required for a hacker or novice programmer is summed up with a machine that is a computer, a compiler, and the concept of programming logic. The first step of every computer is started by the famous “Hello World”. You can say that programming Hello World is the gateway to the hacker and programming world. It is a practice, a standard in this field. The question we are raising in biohacking. It is formalized by the question: What would be the best “Hello World” for biosciences?

So far, biosciences have been stuck in academies and private laboratories, but with the advancement of knowledge and easy access to new gadgets and handmade equipment’s and instruments, at reduced prices, it has become easy and cheap to purchase materials for bioscience work in a popular way. It is a revolution like the advance of computers in its popularization, generating hackers. At present, the new breakthrough hacker is in adding the classic sciences in their actions. Thus, appearing characters or agents named biohackers and even nanohackers. These will make use of biosciences to hack into the human genome, as well as generate innovation. No one can deny a sentence: what would current computing be without hacking a few decades ago? We can even say that we are in a dilemma nowadays. The traditional means of producing science are stagnant and slow. And this new agent the biohacker as you begin your global operation will bring HYPE gas and acceleration to innovative science and technological innovations.

About the actual science, an interesting case is presented in the plateau effect concept – more details can be seen in the book of the same name. This concept refers to a kind of paralysis in the progress of knowledge and science, a psychological slowness and other factors. The concept is well exemplified to those who are learning a new language, but at a certain stage, progress suffers a slow and paralysed due to several factors. It is not very different in the progress of biosciences, and one of the reasons for this laziness, faced with so many variables is the high complexity. However, just as the hacker movement has oxygenated computing with many innovations, the biohacker movement, while there are pros and cons, will undoubtedly oxygenate biosciences and other conceptual sciences. This new action matrix will bring an icebreaker, a kind of HYPE acceleration in what is stagnant. There is much academic concept and little practical use now. There is no denying, there is a new complex matrix in the formation. The CRISPR and biohacker movement has even been a subject of Nature ™ journals in 2017.

In fact, not only is the question of the best method to generate a START, for amateur biohackers, in this case, a suggestion would be in a popularization of the PCR method, remember PCR as Polymerase Chain Reaction, but this is one of the possibilities in front of so many others. Opening to new business with the biohacking movement is unprecedented. The possibility of outsourcing for analytical tests, the leasing of laboratories, the sale of KITs for biohackers, new means of testing and a plethora of collaboration and unlimited competition. It is practically a new world that is forming in biosciences, a matrix in complex formation.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Edilson_Gomes_De_Lima/2472861

Electricity and Geophysics

The resistivity method is used in the study of horizontal and vertical discontinuities in the electrical properties of the subsurface and also in the detection of three-dimensional bodies of anomalous electrical conductivity. This method is mainly used in engineering and hydrogeological investigations.


In the resistivity method, artificially generated electric currents are introduced into the subsurface and the resulting potential differences are measured at the surface. The potential difference is defined as the difference in electrical potential between two points. Deviations from the pattern of potential differences are expected from homogenous ground provide information on the form and electrical properties of the subsurface inhomogeneities.

The resistivity of a material is defined as the resistance in ohms between the opposite faces of a unit cube of the material. The resistance offered by a material to current flow is expressed in terms of resistivity. The SI unit of resistivity is the ohm-meter and the reciprocal of resistivity is termed conductivity. Seimens/ meter and mho are some of the units for its measurement.


Native minerals and Graphite do conduct electricity through the passage of electrons. Most of the rock-forming minerals are however insulators and hence, the electricity is carried through them mainly by the passage of ions in pore waters. Thus most of the rocks do conduct electricity through electrolytic rather than electronic processes. Hence porosity is the major controlling factor of the resistivity of rocks and thus the resistivity generally increases as porosity decreases. The law of Archie does show the inverse relationship between resistivity and the porosity.


Even the crystalline rocks with negligible intergranular porosity are conductive along cracks and fissures. But among the common rock types, there is a considerable overlap between different rock types and thus identification of rock type is not possible solely on the basis of resistivity data alone!. The apparent or the effective resistivity ( the resistivity of the rock and its pore water) can also be expressed in terms of resistivity and the volume of pore water present.


Resistivity method does measure the magnitude of conduction, whereas the induced polarisation measures the magnitude of polarisation.


Groundwater exploration, mineral exploration, detection of cavities, waste site exploration, oil exploration, etc are some of the major applications of resistivity surveying.


The induced polarisation method does make use of the capacitative action of the subsurface to locate zones where the conductive materials are disseminated within their host rocks. The induced polarisation phenomenon was first discovered in 1912 by Schlumberger. The electrically conductive materials exhibit: 1. delayed voltage response, and 2. over-voltage effect. In simple terms, the induced polarisation response does reflect the degree to which the subsurface is able to store the electrical charge analogous to a capacitor. Polarisation does result from a redistribution of ions along interfaces ( metal-fluid or nonmetal- fluid) following application of an electric current. Residual current flow occurs as ions relax to equilibrium following the removal of the electric field. Induced polarisation method does indicate the presence of clay content.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Tirumala_Prasad/213334

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